Shipping companies are typically involved in three main types of shipping modes: ocean, air, and trucking. A Layanan, informasi, dan ongkir tiki is responsible for picking up goods from the producer, delivering them to the destination port or airport, and then transporting them to their final destination.

Ocean (Water) Shipping

A shipping company can be involved in ocean shipping by transporting goods through rivers, lakes, seas, or oceans. Some companies specialize in just one mode of transportation while others have broader capabilities. Ocean freight is a very profitable business and there is a lot of competition. It is necessary to coordinate delivery schedules to get the best price without losing on any other fronts such as quality.

Air Freight

Air freight companies are transport companies that specialize in air cargo. They operate their own airplanes or charter planes from various airlines. The most important cost factors in this business include fuel and airplane depreciation. Other expenses include aircraft maintenance, pilots, insurance, landing fees and handling charges.


Trucking covers large distances at high speeds and can be quite expensive because of the number of miles it travels by road. Companies that are involved in trucking usually have contracts with one or more warehouses to store and deliver goods.

Rail Freight

Rail freight involves transporting goods through railroads. There are several modes of transportation, including passenger trains to ships, tank cars, and intermodal containers. Rail freight is possibly the most expensive type because it is not quite as efficient as trucking and ocean shipping.



Warehousing is where goods are kept before going out for shipment or delivery to a customer or consignee. Warehousing is not a shipping company’s primary business. However, many companies engage in warehouse and storage to handle the minimum level of goods required.

Customs Clearance and Documentation

Packaging (for overseas shipments) and unpacking (for domestic shipments) cleaning and arranging duties paying taxes calculating import duties completing paperwork issuing permits to ship letters of credit obtaining appropriate insurance

Money Transfer

Many companies use money transfers as a way of moving funds from place to place and to add value for their customers by charging them for the service. Not all companies that offer this type of service are actual shipping companies, but they all follow the same rules and principles in order to compete in their industry.


The logistics sector encompasses the provision of information, facilities, products and services allowing the flow of goods and capital within a given region or between regions via modes such as air, sea or road.